Ender Alagöz, Mehmet Akif Güleç

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Casting technique, displacement, forearm fracture, pediatrics


Objectives: This study aims to investigate the factors affecting the loss of reduction in pediatric diaphyseal forearm fractures and to compare the three-point index (TPI) with the cast index, padding index, Canterbury index, and gap index.

Patients and methods: This retrospective study, which was conducted between January 2016 and December 2016, included 159 patients (134 males, 25 females; mean age 8.1±2.8 years; range, 3 to 13 years) with diaphyseal forearm fracture. Patients’ age, gender, and the level, displacement, and location of the fractures were recorded. The presence of anatomic reduction, a straight ulnar border, and the cast type (banana or box type) were checked after the reduction. The TPI, cast index, padding index, Canterbury index, and gap index were measured.

Results: Fifty-two patients (32.7%) experienced loss of reduction during the follow-up. Displaced fractures of both the radius and the ulna, cast type-banana, anatomical reduction, straight ulnar border, TPI, cast index, padding index, and Canterbury index were found to be associated with re-displacement.

Conclusion: Although cast indices can be used as a beneficial clinical tool in predicting the loss of reduction in the treatment of pediatric forearm fractures, they may not be sufficient when used alone. Obtaining a more accurate result may be possible by assessing several parameters such as the presence of an anatomic reduction, box-type casting, and TPI together.

Citation: Alagöz E, Güleç MA. Factors affecting re-displacement in pediatric forearm fractures and the role of cast indices. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2020;31(1):95-101.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.