Joint Diseases and Related Surgery (JDRS) welcomes original, clinical and empirical scientific research articles, reviews and case reports or clinical pictures in joint diseases and related surgery, arthroplasty, arthroscopy, general orthopedics and traumatology written only in English.

A peer review will be made by at least two reviewers, and the editorial board has the right to accept, ask for revision, or reject the manuscript. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who are experienced authors who have publications in the international literature. Any manuscript that does not conform to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, as reported at will be rejected. Following rejection, with or without peer review, no further details will be provided.

Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism or duplication. We define plagiarism as a case in which a paper reproduces another work with similarity and without citation. If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the paper, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing papers for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).

The editorial and publication processes of the Journal are conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The Journal conforms to the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (

Key questions for the reviewers:

  • Does the title reflect the content of the manuscript?
  • Are the key words appropriate?
  • Does the abstract summarize the manuscript? Can the abstract be understood without reading the manuscript? Are there any discrepancies between the abstract and the paper?
  • Is the study based on the review of the medical literature in the introduction? Is the purpose of the study defined? Is there a hypothesis or a research question?
  • Do the authors have Informed Consent and Ethical Committee Approval in the patients (materials) and methods section?
  • Is there a clear explanation of the methods enabling to reproduce the results independently?
  • Does discussion begin with the most important findings? Does it compare the results with the relevant literature? Are the limitations and conclusion clear enough? Are all the references in the proper format?

Manuscript preparation guideline:

The manuscript should be prepared in accordance with The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals - International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( Manuscripts of randomized trials should comply with the CONSORT statement ( Observational studies should be reported in compliance with the STROBE statement (

Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page using double-spacing, Times New Roman font in pt. 12 sizes.

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. Readers often find these confusing, so please use as few as possible.

Manuscript should be written in the following sequence:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Main manuscript
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Tables with titles
  • Legends to figures.

Title Page: Title page on the reviewer version of the manuscript should include the following:

  1. The title of the article should be concise; brief but comprehensive,
  2. a short title of at most 35 letters,

Abstract: Should be minimum 150 and maximum 300 words. Purpose of the study, main findings and the principal conclusions should be stated in separate headings of: Objectives, Materials (Patients) and Methods, Results, and Conclusion. The abstract page should contain the title.

Keywords: Three to 6 keywords concordant with the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms should be listed after the abstract.

Main manuscript: The text of the article should be divided into sections with the headings Introduction, Materials (Patients) and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

Introduction should state the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study. It is advised giving only strictly pertinent references and limiting this section to one page.

Materials (Patients) and Methods should describe the selection of the observational or experimental subjects clearly and in detail. Statistical methods should be described in adequate detail. Statistical analysis must be performed in accordance with the guidelines on reporting statistics in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, and Pocock SJ. Statistical Guidelines for Contributors to Medical Journals. Br Med J 1983; 7:1489-93). The software used for the analysis should be explicitly stated. For parametric tests, continuous variables should be expressed in mean ± standard deviation, while for non-parametric tests; data are expressed in median and range (min-max) or median and interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). When complex analyses are used, the relative risk (RR), odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratio (HR) values are supported by providing confidence intervals (CI) and p values. Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).

Information on the patient consent, name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval date and number (blinded) must be stated in the Patients and Methods section of the manuscript. An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Helsinki Declaration, revised 2013, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals - is required for experimental, clinical, and investigational drug studies, and some case reports. For research articles in humans or animals, approval by the institutional review board (IRB) and appropriate ethics committee are required. All articles studying human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave informed consent to participate. For case reports and clinical pictures informed consent obtained from each patient and/or their families with the following statement is necessary; "The patients and/or their families were informed that data from the case would be submitted for publication and gave their consent."

Results should be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations. Data in the text should not be repeated in the tables or illustrations.

Discussion: Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study without recapitulating the results. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Limitations to the study should be presented. Present your conclusions in the Discussion section to provide recommendations on clinical application, and summary of the results and discussion. Conclusion should not be more than one or two sentences long.

References: References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text, and they must be in the style used by PubMed/MEDLINE. Unpublished observations and personal communications should not be used. References should be limited to 30, unless more is necessary. References will strictly be controlled and the author may be asked to provide the full-text of any of the references. All authors should be listed if an article has six or less authors; if an article has more than six authors, first six authors are listed and the rest is represented by “et al.” Reference format and punctuation in the Text should be as in the following examples:

  • If the surname of the first author of the referenced article is given, “et al.” should be added after it, followed by its reference number within square brackets: “e.g. Brown et al. [1]”
  • Give references in the text using Arabic numerals in brackets: e.g. “[1]” (superscript preferred)
  • If more than one references are required in the main manuscript, references should be stated in a superscript square bracket with a comma at the end of the punctuation mark of the related sentence: e.g. [1,2,5]
  • If there are more than two consecutive references, the first and the last ones should be given with “-” mark between them: e.g. [1-3]; [8-14, 19]; [14-18] They should be organized according to the following forms:

    Article in journal: The reference should include the full last name and initials of the first and middle names of all authors, title of the article, abbreviated title of the journal according to the style used by the PubMed/MEDLINE, year, volume, and inclusive page numbers. Example:

    Kaplan K, Miyamoto R, Levine BR, Egol KA, Zuckerman JD. Surgical management of hip fractures: an evidence-based review of the literature. II: intertrochanteric fractures. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2008; 16:665-73.

    Chapter in book: The reference should include the full last name and initials of the first and middle names of all authors, title of the chapter, name of the editors, title of the book, place, publisher, year and inclusive page numbers. Example:

    Milford L. Dislocations and ligament us injuries. In: Crenshaw AH (ed): Campbell's operative orthopedics. St. Louis: CV Mosby, 1987, pp. 241-257.

    Book: The reference should include the full last name and initials of the first and middle names of all the authors, title of the book, edition, place, publisher, year and inclusive page numbers. Example:

    Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports injuries and their treatment. (2nd ed). London: S. Paul, 1986, pp.160-162.

    Web links and URLs: The reference should include the full name of the organization or full last name and initials of the first and middle names of all the authors, title of the web page, year, address, and date of access. Example:

    Turkish Statistical Institute, Turkey Health Survey. 2019 Available from: Accessed: 21 Jan 2020.

    Manuscripts published in electronic format: Example:

    Teasell R, Bhogal SK, Foley N. Painful hemiplegic shoulder. Evidence-Based Review of stroke rehabilitation. 2006 Available from: Evidence-BasedReview-of-Stroke-Rehab.

Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order of mention in the text. Each table should include a brief title on the same sheet.

llustrations and figures should be professionally drawn and photographed.