Tolga Tolunay, Alim Can Baymurat, Muhammed Şakir Çalta, Hakan Atalar

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

Keywords: Acetabular, developmental dysplasia of hip, osteotomy, pelvic, radical reduction.


Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the results of the Cakırgil method in patients with advanced developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

Patients and methods: Patients who underwent surgical treatment with the Cakırgil method between January 2011 and December 2022 with a diagnosis of DDH were retrospectively scanned. Thirteen patients (7 females, 6 males; 8.0±2.7 years; range, 5 to 12 years) with severe DDH were included in the study. The results of the Cakirgil method, including adductor tenotomy, open reduction, femoral shortening, varus and derotation osteotomy, and Dega acetabuloplasty, were retrospectively evaluated in 17 hips of these 13 patients. Clinical and radiological evaluation was performed according to the acetabular index, center edge angle, Severin score, and McKay criteria.

Results: Five patients had comorbidities. The mean follow-up period was 78.3±28.9 (range, 12 to 135) months. The acetabular index decreased from 35.24° to 22.06° and center edge angle improved from -34.71° to 26.59°. The Severin score decreased from 4.82 to 2.29 and the McKay criteria from 3.47 to 1.88. All changes were statistically significant (p<0.001). Redislocation was observed in only one hip.

Conclusion: Surgical treatment of the older patients with neglected DDH is technically difficult, and the results are prone to complications. The technique outlined by Prof. Dr. Güngör Sami Cakırgil, a renowned specialist in DDH surgeries in Türkiye who has made notable contributions to the relevant research, yields satisfactory outcomes when employed under suitable circumstances.

Citation: Tolunay T, Baymurat AC, Çalta MŞ, Atalar H. Cakirgil method in the surgical treatment of older children with developmental dysplasia of the hip: Mid-term follow-up results of 17 hips and literature review. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2024;35(1):202-208. doi: 10.52312/jdrs.2023.1510.

Ethics Committee Approval

The study protocol was approved by the Gazi University Faculty of Medicine Department of Surgical Medical Sciences Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology (date: 30.10.2023). The study was conducted in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Author Contributions

Idea/concept, control/supervision: H.A.; Design: H.A., T.T.; Data collection and/or processing, writing the article: M.Ş.C., A.C.B.; Analysis and/or interpretation, literature review: T.T., M.Ş.C.; References and fundings: A.C.B., H.A.; Materials: T.T., A.C.B.; Critical review: All authors.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.

Data Sharing Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.