Comparison of different internal fixation implants in the treatment of talar neck fractures: A finite element analysis
1Department of Orthopedics, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China
2The First Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China
Keywords: Cannulated screws, finite element analysis, fixation, plate, talar neck fractures.
Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the biomechanics of cannulated screws (CS) with or without a lateral locking plate (LLP) in talar neck fractures through a finite element analysis.
Patients and methods: The computed tomography image of the talus from a healthy volunteer (adult male) was used to reconstruct a three-dimensional talar model. The method for fixing talar neck fractures with CS and an LLP was planned using computer-aided design software. Afterward, the three-dimensional models of comminuted talar neck fractures were used to simulate fixation with anteroposterior parallel dual CS, single CS+LLP, and dual CS+LLP. Finally, finite element analysis was carried out to compare the outcomes of dual CS+LLP to those of single CS+LLP and to those of using dual CS alone. The displacement and von Mises stress values of the three groups with different internal fixation were analyzed.
Results: For a simple talar neck fracture, the lowest amount of displacement was obtained with CS+LLP (0.407 mm), while dual CS (0.459 mm) showed the highest amount of total displacement; the lowest amount of peak stresses was obtained with CS+LLP (5.38 MPa), while dual CS (8.749 MPa) showed the highest amount of total peak stresses. For a comminuted talar neck fracture, the lowest amount of displacement was obtained with CS+LLP (0.398 mm), while dual CS (0.408 mm) showed the highest amount of total displacement; the lowest amount of peak stresses was obtained with CS+LLP (129.9 MPa), while dual CS (205.9 MPa) showed the highest amount of peak stresses.
Conclusion: Compared to the other two groups, the dual CS+LLP group had better biomechanics properties in the displacement and stress peak of the talus and implant. Thus, the use of dual CS+LLP fixation is recommended for the surgical treatment of comminuted talar neck fractures.
Citation: Fu X, Cao HB, Li N, Wang GX, He JQ. Comparison of different internal fixation implants in the treatment of talar neck fractures: A finite element analysis. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2024;35(1):27-35. doi: 10.52312/jdrs.2023.1280.
The study protocol was approved by the Tianjin Hospital Ethics Committee (date: 30.12.2020, no: 2020149). The study was conducted in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.
A written informed consent was obtained from each patient.
Material preparation: X.F., H.B.C., N.L.; Supervision: J.Q.H, Data collection and processing: X.F., H.B.C., N.L., Analysis and/or interpretation: X.F., G.X.W., Writing manuscript: X.F., G.X.W., Critical review: X.F., J.Q.H.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
This study was supported by funding from the Tianjin Science and Technology Committee (20JCZDJC00760).
The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.