Treatment of a combined deformity following tibial tubercle ventromedialization with single proximal tibial closing wedge osteotomy
Erdem Aras Sezgin1, Imre Szerb2, Zoltán Tóth3, László Hangody2
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty of Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Uzsoki Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
3Department of Urology, Uzsoki Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
Keywords: Deformity, instability, osteotomy, patellar, pediatric, physeal arrest.
Patellar instability in skeletally immature patients must be approached with concern of potential damage to physes. In this article, we present a case of combined knee deformity consisting of genu recurvatum, genu valgum and patella baja which arose subsequent to a pediatric tibial tubercle ventromedialization. Patient was a female who was 22 years old upon first admission. After confirming cartilage to be in good health, the deformity was corrected with a single supratubercular posteriorly and medially based proximal tibial closing wedge osteotomy. At the seventh year follow-up, patient was pain free, functionally satisfied and radiographic evaluation showed correct alignment. This case illustrates the consequent difficulties faced if physeal damage occurs during treatment of patellar instability as well as effectiveness of a single well-planned supratubercular proximal tibial osteotomy treating combined genu recurvatum, genu valgum and patella baja deformities; although anatomic and clinical studies are required to generalize its use.