Indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on diabetes-related lower extremity amputations: A regional study
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Karabük University Faculty of Medicine, Karabük, Turkey
Keywords: Amputation, COVID-19 pandemic, diabetes, diabetic foot, diabetic ulcer.
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the indirect impact of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on diabetes-related lower extremity amputations.
Patients and methods: Patients who underwent lower limb amputation due to complications of diabetes between August 2019 and February 2020 (control group) and August 2020 and February 2021 (pandemic group) were retrospectively reviewed. None of the patients had a previous COVID-19 infection. Patients’ amputation level and latest diabetes follow-up date until amputation were recorded.
Results: A total of 19 feet of 19 patients (14 males, 5 females; mean age: 70.0±10.5 years; range, 53 to 91 years) in the control group and 18 feet of 18 patients (12 males, 6 females; mean age: 70.4±11.3 years; range, 54 to 91 years) were included. There was no statistically significant difference in amputation levels between the two groups (p=0.959). The mean time elapsed from the last diabetes control in the control and the pandemic group was 5.9±12.8 months and 8.2±9.8 months, respectively (p=0.038). A total of eight (42.1%) patients in the control group and seven (38.9%) patients in the pandemic group did not have a follow-up for diabetes in the last year prior to amputation (p=0.842).
Conclusion: Although the COVID-19 pandemic seems to cause a delay in the routine medical care of patients with diabetes, it appears not to have an indirect effect on the lower extremity amputation level and incidence. Patients’ adherence may be the major determinant in amputation surgery.
Citation: Ergişi Y, Özdemir E, Altun O, Tıkman M, Korkmazer S, Yalçın MN. Indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on diabetes-related lower extremity amputations: A regional study. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2022;33(1):203-207.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.